Many individuals who work in the aging field, will ask you whether you or a loved one needs help with “” or “ “.
You will find the definition of and below:
– of Daily .
of Daily –
These terms represent essential life that people, especially as they age, may need help to manage in order to keep at home and being independent.
For those of you who work as Senior Caregivers, it is important to familiarize yourself with these terms and the skills directly related to them.
In this article, we will cover . Additionally, we will cover why and matter for Seniors. and in more depth and detail, as well as how to determine if you or a loved one needs
Often, after major challenges, seniors lose some of their . They often have to participate in , under the supervision of their . With the lowering of one’s or mental deterioration like , the ability of seniors to handle daily is diminished.
of Daily ( ).
When we are very young, we learn the basic self- which we use every day. Sometimes, these are referred to as “Basic of Daily ” or (BSDLs). These include:
1. Feeding or Eating – AKA, the ability to get food from one’s plate into their mouths.
2. Walking – In other words, getting yourself around the house or outside. The official technical term for this activity is “ambulating”.
3. Grooming and Dressing – This refers to choosing outfits, dressing one’s self, and the ability to adequately manage one’s personal appearance.
involved with cleaning oneself afterward. – In this situation, we are talking in terms of getting to and from the , using it correctly, and the
and Showering – Includes washing one’s face and body in the shower or bathtub.
6. Transferring and – The ability to move from one body position to another. Including the ability to move from a bed into a chair, or into a wheelchair. May also include the ability to stand up from a bed or chair, in order to grasp a walker.
If you, or a loved one, are not fully independent with ADLs, then it is recommended that they are assessed by a doctor to determine the level of assistance needed.
For each of the listed ADLs, individuals may vary from needing just a little assistance, to full dependency, in which case would require other people to do the for them.
of Daily ( ).
of Daily are typically the self- we learn as teenagers. These require more complex levels of thinking, including organizational skills. These include:
1. Managing Transportation – This includes either driving or organizing other means of transportation for one’s self.
– Referring to paying bills and/or managing financial assets.
and Shopping Needs – This covers everything required in order to get a healthy meal on the table. This section also covers shopping for clothing, as well as other items required for daily life.
4. House Cleaning & Home Maintenance – This includes keeping one’s space clean and tidy, keeping up with home maintenance, and cleaning kitchens after having a meal.
5. Managing Communications – Referring to telephone calls and mail.
6. Managing Medications – One’s ability to obtain medications and take them as directed by a doctor.
Why do and Matter for Seniors?
In general, older-aged adults need to be able to manage their own and in order to , without the assistance of another person.
One of the main duties of Geriatricians is to assess older persons and their ability to and . It is important to understand that any issues an may have following through with their and can reflect problems within their cognitive and/or physical . By identifying any daily difficulties, doctors can help diagnose patients and manage important issues.
Above all else, Geriatricians work hard to identify these or seniors are receiving the help and support they need. Furthermore, these doctors must determine whether or not the may need help from family or friends, or if a licensed would better meet their needs. difficulties because it is essential to make sure
Long term caregivers and are trained to help seniors navigate the and ADL . Whether providers assist a of an facility or help individuals navigate , seniors don’t have to worry about on their own.