Diabetes is a condition that impairs the body’s ability to process blood glucose, commonly know as blood sugar. Diabetes leads to a buildup of sugars in the blood, which can then increase the risk of dangerous complications, such as stroke or heart disease. In the United States alone, the estimated number of people with diabetes, diagnosed or otherwise, is between 27.9% and 32.7% of the population.
There are three main types of diabetes: Type 1, Type 2, and gestational diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes: This type of diabetes develops when your body fails to produce enough insulin. People with type 1 diabetes are insulin-dependent, which means they must take some form of artificial insulin daily to stay alive.
Type 2 Diabetes: Type 2 diabetes affects the way your body uses insulin. While your body still makes insulin, unlike with type 1 diabetes, the cells in your body don’t respond to it as effectively as before. This type of diabetes is the most common form of diabetes and is linked strongly with obesity.
Gestational Diabetes: This type of diabetes occurs in women during pregnancy. During that time, the body can become less sensitive to insulin. Gestational diabetes doesn’t happen in every pregnant woman, and it usually resolves itself after giving birth.